Coaching > A Brief Overview of Tactical Principles
A Brief Overview of Tactical Principles
PRINCIPLES OF DEFENSE:
know that as soon as the ball is lost, the defensive
responsibilities begin. The player who lost the ball
and those nearby players must give an immediate chase.
(DO NOT LET THE ATTACK GET SET). Meanwhile the rest
of the team should be positioned to defend the attack.
Fall Back and
immediate chase has taken place, the player marking
(defending) the man with the ball should give ground
intelligently by jockeying the attacker toward the sidelines.
This will provide his/her team mates time to prepare
and organize their defence.
who is applying pressure on the ball must be supported
by a team mate. If the player with the ball gets by
the defender, support is there to close him down immediately.
should be trained in an organized fashion to protect
the most vital area of the field, the Goal Area.
This is achieved by the defenders forming an arc of
concentration in front of the goalmouth. If this is
executed properly, this will force the opponents into
attempting shots from undesirable angles, or into making
players must possess control and self-discipline when
challenging and opponent with the ball. The player must
learn not to commit too early when tackling the ball.
Rather, the player should close down the opponent first
and then try to force a poor pass or a dribble before
attempting to tackle.
PRINCIPLES OF MID-FIELD:
In a slow
build up, once the team gains the possession of the
ball, the team starts to build the attack by slowly
advancing towards the net. This is done by dribbling
into empty space and with a combination of short passes.
Total team support must be established in order to achieve
this advancement. A team, which controls the mid-field
space, will reign superior over its opponent.
this requires instantaneous role reversal from defensive
to offensive. The more rapid the advancement of the
ball into the goal area, keeps the attacking opponent
off-guard. Movement back down the ball is achieved through
running to open spaces, one touch passes, long passes
and wall passes.
In the attacking
game, it is essential for the team in possession of the ball
to create time and space, in order to correctly prepare for
a gainful shot on the goal. Naturally, while this is the key
to the offensive team, the defence of the opponent is positions
to prohibit time and space.
If the offensive
team is in constant motion, with and without the ball,
this makes marking for the opposing defence relatively
difficult. This provides an ideal situation for the
offence to lure their defensive counterparts into unproductive
positions. Several means of effective mobility are:
in continuous motion, two or more offensive players
and mid-field players making short and long passes (mainly
one touch give and go's) can throw the defence off-balance.
Passes can range from short distance to long distance
can be one of the most gainful means of destroying the
alignment of a defence, if it is done properly. Dribbling
is best used when the offensive team is guaranteed position
of the ball.
to use the principles of attack, the offensive team
must have depth. The mid-field players must come into
the offensive picture. At the same time, the attacking
players must have runs without the ball penetrating
into the opponents' defence within passable distance
finishing, all attacking manoeuvres are wasted. To be
effective, shots on goal must be accurate and under
control. Much practice time should be spent on developing
shot consistency and accuracy to put the finishing touches
on the attack.